Newcastle is the second largest city of New South Wales states in Australia. It has a population of less than 300,000 people, and an area of 101 square miles. It is famous for its coal resources (among others such as copper and steel) and is thus known as the largest coal exporter in the world.

Originally occupied by the Awabakal and Worimir aborigines, it was accidentally discovered in 1797 by John Shortland. Its coal deposits were then quickly known, and convicts used to be the first coal miners in the Hunter Valley.

The city for the diverse activities tourists can do. There are beaches, wineries, art galleries, and cultural spots. Major festivals are also celebrated here. Tourists can also go to destinations neighboring the city.

One famous museum is the Fort Scracthley, formerly a stronghold that defended the city against Japanese submarines. A military museum showcasing the historical turn points of the city is located here. The distinct Heritage Architecture can also be observed in public structures such as the Courthouse, Customs House, the Railway Station, and the Post Office building. The Newcastle Region Art Gallery and the Newcastle Regional Museum showcases the distinct cultural identity of modern and historic artists in the region. Moreover, admission in these centers is free.

There are also beaches and parks in the area. This includes Bar Beach and Nobbys Beach. Water activities such as surfing and kite surfing can be done here. Aside from beaches, there are ocean baths perfect both for the summer and winter season. One is the Newcastle Ocean Bath, which has been open as early as 1922. Others are the Merewether Ocean Batch and the Bogey Hole. The parks include King Edward Park and Shortland Wetlands Centre. In here are picnic grounds and barbeque areas. Other activities such as biking and canoeing are also available.
Festivals are also celebrated throughout the year. This includes the Mattara Festival, where parades and musical concerts are held, in October. Another is the Surfest, a surfing festival famous in Australia.

Hotels in Newcastle

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